عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The subject of Takfir (excommunicate) is not only discussed in Islamic nations rather any objection with others idea is include in other non- Muslim nations too. Nevertheless, because Takfir, on one hand, for Muslims is an ideal and Kalami affair and on other hand ideals have a remarkable role in human behaviors, we could see influence of Takfir in political and social affairs as well. Historically, Shi’a and Sonni scholars tried to come up with a complete definition about Takfir and its reasons and elements. Despite forbiddance of all Sects from excommunicate (Takfir) each other, we see many examples of Takfir between Islamic Sects’ followers for the reason of differences that is appear in definitions and example of disbelief (Kofr). Jurisconsults are the most suitable people who could send out this judgment (Hokm). For the reason that people doesn’t know the rules and regulations of Takfir many religious radicalism would appear. Furthermore there are different ideas about examples of Takfir in Islamic Sects. Consequently knowledge of people about personal and social effects of Takfir helps them to avoid from immethodical Takfirs.