نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استاد دانشگاه مریلند
2 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه مذاهب اسلامی (مترجم)
عنوان مقاله [English]
The author firstly pointed out to important subject of cosmology of Islam and he briefly examined that from two important reference of Islam that are Qur’an and Sonnah, and in continue he tried to know Islam’s world graph’s charts with three thinking tradition of philosophical – scientific, Gnosticism and mysticism. The author believes growth and crystallizations of Kalami’s trends are effective in non- existence of a separate tradition based on religious world-view reflections in Islam, and pointed out to influence of Greece, India and Iran in appearance of these three thinking traditions. Including the most important influential issues on firming world graph’s charts in these three thinking traditions we could pointed out to impact of cosmology of Aristotelian and Ptolemaic on Kalami and philosophical systems, the system of seven lands on Islamic Geography and neo Platonism’s trainings on Gnosticism mystical philosophy. In addition these world graph’s charts also includes interwoven designs about planetarium planets, planetarium under the moon of the four elements, the twelfth zodiac, the fourth main directions, mineral world and even human body. The author has choices due to the wide range of world graph’s charts that remained in Manuscript and only study and examine a number of charts that based on these three thinking traditions. These charts are belong or related to scholars and thinkers of both two Shi’a and Soni sects with different thinking views that from these thinkers we could point out to these people: Jaber ebn Hayyan, Akhavan al-Saffa, Abu Yaqub Sajestani, Abu Reihan Birooni, Naser Khosro, Hamedi, Hamid Alddin Kermani, Ebn Arabi, Seyed Heidar Amoli, Ibrahim Haqqi.