نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
History shows that the factor of religion has a strong role in conquest of Anatolia. Indeed this must mention that the leadership of Islamic world wasn’t the Turk’s aim rather their purpose in this era was serving to Islam. This caused Turks to in encountering with Christians become pioneers for Muslims. Muslims Turks which conquest Anatolia settle in different sections and establish a new independent government. They combined with Anatolia domestic people and with Islam’s expansion in Anatolia became a great nation. This Turks were not influenced by Christianity of Greek and Roman civilization and they even found Christian culture and civilization of defeated Anatolia lower than Islamic culture and civilization. This situation was because of that Turks were deeply influenced by Islamic culture and civilization and because of this they couldn’t live without effects of Islamic culture. The point that must bear in mind is collective migration of new Muslims Turks from central Asia which this was as a consequence of intensity of population and searching for grasslands. The Turks connection with Islam and Muslims forced the Turks great Khan, Satoogh BoghraKhan, to leave Shamanism that dozen years was Turks’ ancestors’ belief and replaced Islam and Islam became the official religion of their government. Of course for accepting Islam by Turks political and national interests was involved as well. After battle of Manzikert ideal Turkish with faith of Jahad for Allah moved forward to west and opened borders of non-Islamic countries. Muslim Turks plus do Jahad in this countries built mosques, schools, baths, Bazars, caravanserai and etc. This was because of their religious affection and attachment. From these samples we could conclude that the attempt of Muslim Turks was for serving to Islam. Therefore Turks in addition to going to Jahad with their actions expand Islam religion. In here we must mention an important point which is the existence of Tassavof’s groups that get power in Osman territory and has had important role in expanding Osman power and Osman utilize from this situation and expand their great state and hegemony on other states.