نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه علوم قرآن و حدیث دانشگاه مذاهب اسلامی
2 دانشیار گروه زبان و ادبیات عربی دانشگاه بینالمللی امام خمینی(ره)
3 دانشجوی دکتری علوم قرآن و حدیث دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the Names of God which has the most frequency of occurrence in the Qur’an, after “Allah”, is the word “Rabb”. This word has different meanings in the Qur’an, but only some of the meanings have been mentioned in Arabic dictionaries. In this paper, Qur’anic verses and their context will be discussed so that the meaning of the word and its derivatives can be extracted in the Holy Qur’an. By examining the verses we find that this term in most cases has been used in the sense of God and only in a few cases has been used in other meanings other than God. The word “Rabb” and its derivatives in ten cases in the Qur’an has been used in a concept other than God: Arbab, Raba’ib, idol, star, moon, sun, king, pharaoh, rabbaniyun and rabbaniyin, and rabbiyun. In other cases, it is used in the sense of God and its meaning according to the relevant verses are as follows: creativity, regeneration, fatality, involuntary guide, legislative guidance, and mercy. So it can be said that the word “Rabb” and its derivatives have two central meanings in the Qur’an: “God” and “other than God”. The use of this word in the Qur’an in the sense of God will guide us to the extent of the meaning of this word, so that all the meanings listed lies in it, and in each of the verses, according to the context, one of its meanings are emphasized. However, the use of the word in a concept “other than God” means considering just a part of the real meaning of the word.